Suffrage for Swiss Women A More than 100-Year-Long Struggle In Custodia Legis: Law Librarians of Congress

Although the law no longer requires the husband’s consent for a wife’s work, in job interviews women are often asked for it. The OECD has stated that “The lack of family-friendly policy and workplace support makes it very difficult for many Swiss parents, usually mothers, to combine work and family life”. The OECD has also urged Switzerland to end the practice of irregular and interrupted school hours which makes it difficult for mothers to work; and to revise its tax and supplementary benefits policies. Despite all check here these, women have a legal right to work and to not be discriminated in the workforce, under the 1996 equality law. In 2005, paid maternity leave was introduced in Switzerland, after voters approved it in a referendum.

Using this and other techniques, Iris helped increase the number of women in leadership positions withing a very short amount of time. Annemarie Schwarzenbach was not what her family or society expected of a woman in the 1930s. The first time Abassia Rahmani tried running with blades she felt a sense of freedom she’d not experienced since losing her legs at the age of 16. For this post, I reached out to the book writers who shared these six stories from the book along with a little more about who they are and why they decided to do this project. Reading about actual people are what really drive me to be interested into the complex web of society in any given country and Switzerland is certainly no different now that Zug is “home“ in addition to Florence, Italy. In fact, if you have yet to check out my “locals I love” series – this might be the time. The canton of Appenzell Innerrhoden was the last jurisdiction in Europe to grant women’s suffrage.

Back then, NPR reported, the strike committee encouraged women to dangle dustpans and vacuum cleaners “from windows or on balconies as a sign of solidarity and of proof that they’re not being used.” In the capital city, Bern, female parliamentarians walked out of a Federal Council session to join the protests outside, Lisa Schlein reports for NPR.

Several told female employees they would have to book any time off as holiday, and Switzerland’s main employers’ organisation said it was against the movement, which recent opinion polls have shown is backed by more than 63% of the population. Along with broader anger over sexism and workplace inequality, many demonstrators demanded higher pay specifically for cleaners, teachers, care workers and other jobs more often performed by women. Nearly 30 years after the first nationwide equal rights demonstration by Swiss women, a “purple wave” of pram marches, whistle concerts, extended lunch breaks, giant picnics and city-centre rallies took place on Friday. Hundreds of thousands of women across Switzerland have taken to the streets to demand higher pay, greater equality and more respect, protesting that one of the world’s wealthiest countries continues to treat half its population unfairly. Discover your favorite women’s clothing online with Alpine Swiss.

Women were given the right to vote at a federal level and run for office only in 1971, lagging far behind many European countries. (New Zealand became the first country to grant women’s suffrage, in 1893.) In 1981, Switzerland amended the Constitution to recognize equal rights for men and women. The decision of the court ended the Swiss women’s struggle for suffrage at all political levels. In total, more than 70 votes at the federal, cantonal, and communal level were necessary to introduce political rights for women on all political levels. Although most women are employed, many are so on a part-time basis or in marginal employment. The view that women, especially married women, should not work full-time remains prevalent. Among the OECD, only the Netherlands has more women working part-time.

  • The procedure for the next-generation sequencing library preparation is described elsewhere by our research group .
  • When she was writing her book, Swisstory, , she included a short chapter devoted to Swiss women.
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  • The section on political rights in the 1848 Constitution simply stated that “Swiss citizens” have the right to vote and did not explicitly bar women from the right to vote or to stand for election.

The eligibility for study participation was checked by following inclusion and exclusion criteria . The legislation creating the Smithsonian American Women’s History Museum passed in December 2020. The Swiss Re donation will support the initial planning of the museum’s building and enable the museum to produce programming and digital content to elevate wide-ranging stories of women throughout American history. The Smithsonian American Women’s History Museum has received a $1 million gift from Swiss Re, a risk-management company, to support the development of the museum. The donation marks the museum’s first corporate contribution and establishes the global insurance company as a founding donor. The result of Sunday’s vote paves the way for the country’s first pension reform in 25 years and is intended to stabilise the national pension situation at least for the next few years. A weekly digest of the latest from CFR on the biggest foreign policy stories of the week, featuring briefs, opinions, and explainers.

Switzerland’s neighboring countries Germany and France have enacted or are discussing parity laws aimed at countering female underrepresentation in parliament. In 2019, a parliamentary initiative was submitted in Switzerland to require all parties to present an equal number of female and male candidates on the electoral party lists; however, parliament did not take up the issue. In general, support for parity acts in politics is low, as shown in a survey conducted among the Swiss parties in 2019. The obligation took effect on January 1, 2021, and requires companies to comply or to explain why the quota is not met. Nearly 30 years after the first strike, women across Switzerland staged mass demonstrations for equal pay. In addition to the exclusion criteria, the screening questionnaire also recorded whether the currently subjectively healthy participants show a history of depression.

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The total fertility rate is 1.56 children born/per woman (est. of 2018) which is below the replacement rate of 2.1. Women obtained the right to vote at local canton level between 1959 (the cantons of Vaud and Neuchâtel in that year) and 1991 . Switzerland’s right-wing parties, however, strongly oppose proposals for subsidized support for child care and have called for the closing of women’s shelters. A woman is killed every two weeks in a domestic setting in Switzerland, Ms. Binswanger said, adding, “The problem is still really big, and it’s really necessary to keep it on the agenda,” she said.

Sometimes the choice was made for us, as the women asked didn’t want to be interviewed or there just wasn’t enough research on their lives. We wanted a diverse group of women—women from different backgrounds, with different passions, and different degrees of recognition in Switzerland and the world.

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Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau appointed Jacqueline O’Neill as Canada’s first-ever Ambassador for Women, Peace and Security. A growing number of countries have created ambassador-level positions to elevate the role of gender equality on their foreign policy agendas. The United States was the first to appoint an Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women’s Issues in 2009, and was followed by Australia, Finland, Norway, Sweden, the UK, and the Seychelles. Canada’s post is one of the first to focus on women, peace and security—joining Norway’s Special Envoy for Women, Peace and Security—and strengthens Canada’s stated “feminist” approach to foreign aid and foreign policy.

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Such adherence to patriarchal donchanged and improved when the women of Switzerland gained their right to vote at the federal level on February 7, 1971. However, despite of gaining status of having equal rights with men, some Swiss women still have to be able to attain education beyond the post-secondary level, thus they earn less money than men, and they occupy lower-level job positions. According to in 2011, Switzerland’s State Secretariat for Economic Affairs were encouraging business companies to “appoint more women to top-level positions”. Those who are already working in business companies, according to same report, mentions that “women earn on average 20% less than men” in Switzerland, and the ratio was 6 out of 10 women were working part-time.

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